TEFL Online Training Program 6

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Guide for Topic 6

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TEFL Online Course Training Program 6

In Module 6 of the TEFL Certificate Course you will discover types of assessment and providing feedback

Assessing and Evaluating in TEFL

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Understanding the difference between formative and summative assessment is crucial for effective evaluation of student learning. Additionally, designing tests and quizzes requires careful consideration of assessment objectives and student needs. Here’s an overview:

Formative Assessment vs. Summative Assessment

1. Formative Assessment:

  • Purpose: Formative assessment is conducted during the learning process to provide ongoing feedback and monitor student progress. It aims to identify students’ strengths and weaknesses, guide instructional decisions, and promote learning improvement.
  • Characteristics: Formative assessment is often informal and ongoing, incorporating a variety of methods such as observations, questioning, quizzes, exit tickets, peer feedback, and self-assessment.
  • Benefits: It helps teachers identify areas where students may need additional support or clarification, allows for timely intervention and adjustment of teaching strategies, and encourages student engagement and reflection on learning progress.

2. Summative Assessment:

  • Purpose: Summative assessment is conducted at the end of a unit, course, or instructional period to evaluate student learning outcomes and assign grades or scores. It aims to assess students’ overall achievement and proficiency levels.
  • Characteristics: Summative assessment is often formal and standardized, involving assessments such as tests, exams, projects, presentations, or portfolios that measure students’ cumulative knowledge and skills.
  • Benefits: It provides a snapshot of students’ overall performance and achievement, informs grading and reporting decisions, and allows for comparison of student achievement across groups or time periods.

Designing Tests and Quizzes

1. Define Assessment Objectives:

  • Clarify the purpose and objectives of the assessment. Determine what knowledge, skills, and competencies you want to measure and what learning outcomes you want to assess.

2. Select Appropriate Assessment Methods:

  • Choose assessment methods that align with your objectives and accurately measure students’ learning. Consider using a variety of assessment formats, such as multiple-choice, short answer, essay, matching, or true/false questions.

3. Design Clear and Well-Structured Items:

  • Create test items that are clear, concise, and free from ambiguity. Provide clear instructions and ensure that the wording of questions is understandable to students. Organize test items logically and sequence them appropriately.

4. Ensure Fairness and Validity:

  • Ensure that the assessment is fair and valid by avoiding bias, cultural insensitivity, or discriminatory language. Use inclusive language and avoid stereotypes or stereotypes that may disadvantage certain groups of students.

5. Consider Accessibility and Accommodations:

  • Consider the needs of diverse learners and provide accommodations or modifications as needed to ensure equitable access to the assessment. Provide alternative formats, extended time, or other accommodations for students with disabilities or special needs.

6. Pilot Test and Revise:

  • Pilot test the assessment with a small group of students to identify any issues or problems with the test format, instructions, or items. Use feedback from the pilot test to revise and improve the assessment before administering it to the entire class.

7. Provide Clear Feedback:

  • After administering the assessment, provide clear and constructive feedback to students on their performance. Use feedback to highlight strengths, areas for improvement, and specific actions students can take to enhance their learning.


Understanding the distinction between formative and summative assessment is essential for effective evaluation of student learning. When designing tests and quizzes, it’s important to align assessment methods with learning objectives, ensure fairness and validity, and provide clear instructions and feedback to students. By employing appropriate assessment practices, teachers can accurately measure student progress and promote continuous improvement in learning.


Providing constructive feedback is crucial for supporting student learning and growth. Additionally, encouraging self and peer assessment fosters student engagement and promotes a deeper understanding of the material. Here are some techniques for providing constructive feedback and promoting self and peer assessment:

Constructive Feedback Techniques

1. Be Specific and Descriptive:

  • Provide specific feedback that highlights strengths and areas for improvement. Describe what the student did well and provide clear examples or evidence to support your feedback.

2. Focus on Behavior and Effort:

  • Focus on the student’s actions, efforts, and strategies rather than on personal traits or characteristics. Encourage students to reflect on their process, problem-solving approaches, and engagement with the task.

3. Offer Actionable Suggestions:

  • Provide actionable suggestions for improvement that are specific, achievable, and relevant to the student’s learning goals. Offer guidance on how the student can apply feedback to future assignments or tasks.

4. Balance Positive and Constructive Feedback:

  • Strike a balance between positive feedback that reinforces student achievements and constructive feedback that identifies areas for growth. Acknowledge students’ progress and successes while also addressing areas where improvement is needed.

5. Use Sandwich Feedback Technique:

  • Sandwich constructive feedback between positive comments to soften the impact and maintain a supportive tone. Start with positive feedback, provide constructive criticism, and end with positive reinforcement or encouragement.

6. Focus on Growth Mindset:

  • Encourage a growth mindset by emphasizing the potential for improvement and the importance of effort, persistence, and learning from mistakes. Frame feedback as an opportunity for growth and development rather than as criticism.

Encouraging Self and Peer Assessment

1. Provide Clear Assessment Criteria:

  • Clearly communicate assessment criteria and expectations to students in advance. Help students understand what constitutes successful performance and what they should be looking for when assessing their own or their peers’ work.

2. Scaffold Self-Reflection Activities:

  • Scaffold self-reflection activities that prompt students to critically evaluate their own work against the assessment criteria. Encourage students to identify strengths, areas for improvement, and specific actions they can take to enhance their learning.

3. Use Rubrics and Checklists:

  • Provide rubrics or checklists that outline assessment criteria and allow students to self-assess or peer-assess their work systematically. Encourage students to use these tools to evaluate their own progress and the progress of their peers.

4. Promote Peer Feedback and Collaboration:

  • Facilitate opportunities for peer feedback and collaboration where students can provide constructive feedback to their peers and learn from each other’s perspectives. Encourage a supportive and respectful peer feedback process.

5. Foster Accountability and Ownership:

  • Foster a sense of accountability and ownership by involving students in the assessment process. Encourage students to take responsibility for their own learning and development through self-assessment and reflection.

6. Provide Guidance and Support:

  • Provide guidance and support to students as they engage in self and peer assessment activities. Offer modeling, examples, and scaffolded tasks to help students develop the skills and confidence to assess their own and others’ work effectively.


By using constructive feedback techniques and promoting self and peer assessment, teachers can empower students to take ownership of their learning, develop critical thinking skills, and improve their academic performance. Effective feedback fosters a growth mindset, encourages reflective practice, and promotes a supportive learning environment where students feel valued and motivated to succeed. Encouraging self and peer assessment not only enhances student engagement but also builds important lifelong learning skills.


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